The type of business you operate usually determines what taxes you must pay and how you pay them.
The following are the five general types of business taxes.
1. Income Tax
An annual income tax return is filed by all businesses except partnerships must file an annual. Partnerships file an information return. The form you use depends on how your business is organized. Wondering which returns you must file? You must refer to the business structures list based on the business entity established to find out.
The federal income tax is a pay-as-you-go tax. You must pay the tax as you earn or receive income during the year. An employee usually has income tax withheld from his or her pay. If you do not pay your tax through withholding, or do not pay enough tax that way, you might have to pay estimated tax. If you are not required to make estimated tax payments, you may pay any tax due when you file your return. For additional information, refer to Publication 583.
2. Estimated tax
Generally, you must pay taxes on income, including self-employment tax (discussed next), by making regular payments of estimated tax during the year. For additional information, refer to Estimated Taxes.
3. Self-Employment Tax
Self-employment tax (SE tax) is a social security and Medicare tax primarily for individuals who work for themselves. The payments towards your SE tax contribute to your coverage under the social security system. Social security coverage provides you with retirement benefits, disability benefits, survivor benefits, and hospital insurance (Medicare) benefits.
Generally, you must pay self-employment tax and file Schedule self-employment (Form 1040) if either of the following applies.
If your net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more.If you work for a church or a qualified church-controlled organization (other than as a minister or member of a religious order) that elected an exemption from social security and Medicare taxes, you are subject to self employment tax if you receive $108.28 or more in wages from the church or organization.
Note: There are special rules and exceptions for aliens, fishing crew members, notary public, state or local government employees, foreign government or international organization employees, etc.
4. Employment Taxes
When you have employees, you as the employer have certain employment tax responsibilities that you must pay and forms you must file. Employment taxes include the following:
Social security and Medicare taxesFederal income tax withholdingFederal unemployment (FUTA) tax
5. Excise Tax
This section describes the excise taxes you may have to pay and the forms you have to file if you do any of the following.
Manufacture or sell certain products.Operate certain kinds of businesses.Use various kinds of equipment, facilities, or products.Receive payment for certain services.
Form 720 - The federal excise taxes consist of several broad categories of taxes, including the following.
Environmental taxes.Communications and air transportation taxes.Fuel taxes.Tax on the first retail sale of heavy trucks, trailers, and tractors.Manufacturers taxes on the sale or use of a variety of different articles
Form 2290 - There is a federal excise tax on certain trucks, truck tractors, and buses used on public highways. The tax applies to vehicles having a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more.
Form 730 - If you are in the business of accepting wagers or conducting a wagering pool or lottery, you may be liable for the federal excise tax on wagering.
Form 11-C - Occupational Tax and Registration Return for Wagering, to register for any wagering activity and to pay the federal occupational tax on wagering.
Excise tax has several general excise tax programs. One of the major components of the excise program is motor fuel. For additional information, refer to Excise Taxes.